MOSCOW, January 5. / TASS /. The Russian Paralympic Committee (RPC) celebrates its 25th anniversary on Tuesday - January 5, 1996, the charter of the All-Russian Public Organization, the Russian Paralympic Committee was adopted.
Since 1997, the permanent head of the Russian Paralympic Committee has been Vladimir Lukin, who has formed a modern team of specialists. In 2004, Pavel Rozhkov joined the team of the Committee, thanks to whom the organization became a team of like-minded people. The brightest stars of Russian Paralympic sports for many years have become multiple Paralympic champions Rima Batalova (athletics), Valery Kupchinsky (cross-country skiing and biathlon), Oksana Savchenko (swimming), Anna Milenina (cross-country skiing and biathlon), Roman Petushkov (cross-country skiing and biathlon), Sergey Shilov (cross-country skiing), Mikhalina Lysova (cross-country skiing), Andrey Strokin (swimming), the National CP Football Team and many others.
Such outstanding coaches as Petr Builov, Irina Gromova, Igor Tveryakov, Yuri Nazarenko, Alexander Nazarov, Avtandil Baramidze and many others played a huge role in the formation of the Paralympic movement.
RUSSIANS AT PARALYMPIC GAMES
For the first time, native Paralympic athletes took part in the 1988 Games in Seoul - they performed only in swimming and athletics, having won 56 medals, of which 21 were gold. Then the athlete Vadim Kalmykov was especially noted, having won four gold awards - in high jump, long jump, triple jump and pentathlon, the USSR national team took 12th place. Four years later, in 1992 in Barcelona, the combined team won 16 gold, 14 silver, 15 bronze medals. At the 1996 Games in Atlanta, the Russian team won 9 gold, 7 silver and 11 bronze awards, in 2000 in Sydney - 12 gold, 11 silver and 12 bronze, in 2004 in Athens 41 medals were won - 16 gold, 8 silver, 17 bronze.
For the first time, the Russians entered the top ten in Beijing in 2008, when the team won 63 medals, of which 18 were of the highest dignity. At the 2012 London Games, the Russians won a total of 102 medals - 36 gold, 38 silver and 28 bronze.
At the Winter Games, the USSR national team made its debut in 1988 in Innsbruck and took part in cross-country skiing. Valentina Grigorieva won two bronze medals. In 1992, at the Paralympics in Albertville, the national team won 10 gold, 8 silver and 3 bronze medals. All awards were brought by skiers. In 1994, in Lillehammer, the Russians improved their result - 10 gold, 12 silver and 8 bronze medals in cross-country skiing, in Nagano in 1998, the Russians earned 31 awards - 12 gold, 10 silver and 9 bronze medals, becoming the fifth in the team offset.
The Russians became fifth in 2002 in Salt Lake City, winning 21 medals. The Russian Paralympians managed to take first place in 2006 in Turin, where they won 33 medals - 13 gold, 13 silver and 7 bronze.
In 2010 in Vancouver, the Russian team became the second - 38 medals (12-16-10). At the games in Sochi in 2014, the team became the undisputed leader with 30 gold, 28 silver and 22 bronze medals.
Russian Paralympic athletes were not admitted to the 2016 Games in Rio de Janeiro by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) Award, when the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) considered the RPC to be part of a state-supported "doping system". The Russians returned to the Games two years later in Pyeongchang, where under a neutral flag they were able to take second place in the unofficial standings - 24 medals (8-10-6), passing ahead only the US national team (13-15-8), and the Canadians became the third (8 -4-16).
ROAD TO TOKYO
On December 17, after the decision of the CAS on sanctions against Russian sports, it became clear that now the Russian Paralympic Committee (RPC) does not interfere with continuing preparations for the Summer Games in Tokyo and the Winter Games in Beijing, however, the team will have to perform there in a neutral status.
The testimony was entrusted to the first vice-president of the RPC, Pavel Rozhkov, by the decision of the executive committee of the RPC in the hearings. “The court heard us and made positive decisions on a number of issues raised by the RPC. All Russian Paralympians will be able to take part in the Summer Paralympic Games in Tokyo, in the Winter Paralympic Games in 2022 in Beijing and in all other sports competitions. CAS also refused to impose a ban on visiting sporting events for the leadership and members of the RPC" - Rozhkov told TASS.
Currently, a team of 280 Russian athletes in 19 sports is preparing for the Tokyo Games, postponed for a year due to the coronavirus pandemic. All quotas won by the Russians remain in effect, and there are already 132 of them, it is planned that Russian athletes will take part in 19 out of 22 sports, and the entire delegation can be up to 479 people, including 279 athletes.
RPC also plans to hold a number of international competitions in Russia.